Sunday, July 24, 2011

Kelimutu, 3 Colors Lakes That Ever-Changing Color

There are outstanding natural beauty phenomenon like no other in three lake's crater which constantly changing color. Natural Wonders was built by geological activity in KElimutu mountain, Flores. KElimutu is a combination of the word "KELI" meaning mountain and "MUTU" which means boiling.

 
 
 

This volcanic lake are considered as magical and mysterious lakes, because it has 3 colors and constantly changing color. Earlier this lake is red, white and blue. In mid-2006 and occurred several times, especially two adjacent lakes namely Lake Spirits Youth (Tiwu nua ko'o fai muri) and Lake Spirits soothsayer (Tiwu ata polo). Young Spirit Lake previously green, in June last year had turned blue. While Lake soothsayer or Evil People which previously dark brown changing to reddish.

A separate lakes, Spirits Parents Lake(Tiwu Ata Mbupu) which has a dark green and moss, but then turns back to green,old evilman lake turned to dark brown, and the parents lake became blackish brown. A good time to watch the lake Flores is in the morning, because the fog usually blocks the view around the lake in the noon.

Lake Kelimutu (Flores) believed as a place of the spirits. On some occasions there is usually a ceremony of the local community and give offerings to the "spirit" which keeps the region. Local people believe that Kelimutu is sacred and give fertility to the surrounding nature.

Kelimutu had erupted in 1886 and left three crater-shaped lake, the lake is the third area roughly around 1.051 million square meters with a volume of 1292 million cubic meters of water. Boundary between the lakes with each other is a narrow stone walls that prone to landslides.

The steep walls of a 70-degree angle with a height of between 50-150 meter.Kelimutu has a relatively stable tropical climate with rainfall ranging from 1651 up to 3363 mm per year, the rainy season falls in December to March and the dry season occurs in October to November. Temperatures ranged from 25.5 ° - 31 ° Celsius with the minimum temperature reached 11.6 degrees which occurred in July-August. In the rainy season, all plants are green and lush during the dry season many plants that grow leaves. Soil and climate conditions are highly influential on the existing flora and fauna.

However, some society believe, changing the color of Lake kelimutu associated with predictions of impending critical events in Indonesia, or in Ende. "From the stories the old people used to, anyway if the color of lake changing menaing the lake is giving signal there will be a disaster. But it may also influence the weather that now rapidly changing, "said Yulita, villagers in Flores.

On 13 until May 31, 1997,lake Tiwu Ata Polo changed its color as well. than, the incident by some people considered connected with the fall of President Suharto in 1998 .

Similarly, the incident in December 2008 when Tiwu Ata Polo changed color from dark green to blackish brown, the events associated with legislative and presidential elections, as well as the earthquake in Tasikmalaya (West Java)and Sumatra (Andalas).








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Friday, July 22, 2011

Play Fire Soccer With Burning Ball

Commemorating the night even of Nuzulul Quran, Islamic School in Sokaraja Assuniyah Lor, Banyumas, Central Java held a fire football match , Friday night (27 / 8) . the ball that used to play flame with fire (burning ball).. ANd in this game is played by female school student, Cheering the spectators encouraged the students that playing fire football
 
 
 

Fire Soccer or Fire Football  are really much different from general soccer.Only, the ball in fire football made from burning old coconuts ,

Berbeda dengan sepak bola biasa, sepak bola api tidak hanya mengandalkan kekuatan fisik, keberanian, kecerdikan, kepiawaian serta ketangkasan dalam memainkan bola, melainkan harus dibekali ketangguhan psikis dan kekuatan spiritual.

Unlike the usual football, fire soccer is not only rely on physical strength, courage, ingenuity, skill and dexterity in playing the ball, but must be provided with psychological toughness and spiritual strength. Before playing, the students must pass "special ritual" so that no impervious heat resistant and fire.

They have fasted for 21 days, the practice aurad-aurad (specific spell reading), which is read at special times, avoid foods that are cooked with fire or avoid food that containing elements of life  , and usually the last ritual is "matigeni" (fasting one day and night without sleep).

Setelah melewati ”ritual” tersebut, para santri memiliki kekuatan tahan panas dan tidak mempan api, sehingga dengan leluasa menendang, memegang, bahkan menyundul bola api tanpa merasakan panas, gosong, apalagi terbakar.

After passing through the "ritual" , the students have the strength heat resistant and fires couldn't hurt their skins, so they will play free kicks, holds, even heading a fire ball  without burn feeling, burning. As if the fire had been "subdued" and "tamed" so it's no longer dangerous, even used as a spectacle and games.

These games have been flipped the provisions of law and order of nature.The fire is supposed to be hot and burn, no longer submissive and obedient to the origin of events.

How to make the Burning Ball ?

  1. Prepare the old coconut and dry fibers.
  2. Provide well as kerosene.
  3. The trick: remove the outer skin of coconut approximately 0.5 cm, form a ball by using a knife. Holes in the coconuts to remove water, then puncture coconut fibers with the tip of a knife.
  4. Before it is used for attraction, soak it with kerosene oil for 30 minutes.
  5. At the time the game will start to pray: “Yaa Naaru kuuni bardan wasalaaman” (Meaning: "O fire, be cool and you survived").
  6. burn the coconuts, and ready to play fire football attraction




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Friday, July 15, 2011

Masterpiece from 15th Century, King Siliwangi Painting And Singabarong Golden Cart

Cirebon, is a city located on the north coast of Java island Indonesia , has many unique cultures and languages, here in this city, Sundanese and  Javanese culture combined, so that the mingling of two cultures, makes its own culture which is a Sundanese and Javanese acculturation.

King Siliwangi Painting
 
Watch the toe it's will follow the direction to someone who stare at the painting

Kingdom of Cirebon is closely associated with the descendants of  King Prabu Siliwangi from Pajajaran kingdom , and the picture here is a painting of King Siliwangi thats an unique masterpiece, because can be viewed in 3D (reminded me of the Mona Lisa painting in the Louvre, France).

Initially after the tour guide explained that this painting can follow the movement of people who saw it, I was a little hesitant, but after I slide to the left and right and watch the eyes movement and direction of his left big toe, I think it is also true, this painting techniques and the selection of his material is definitely very special, so people who see it made as if this painting have the eyes and toes that can be moving following from the sides of the watcher. ..How could this technology like this could be thought by the people who lived in the 15th century?

Golden Cart "Singa Barong"

Anything else makes me more fascinated by the triumph of the Sultanate of Cirebon,is the CART Kencana which is about 5 centuries old, made in 1500s, till this day The cart is still preserved intact in the palace museum.

the cart named Singa Barong has unique and exciting technology, such as body carriage that can swing the shape of the wave path (like suspension on sedan or any modern car), then the wings on side of the cart can flap, and the tongue of lion in front of the cart can protrude in and out.Almost all of the material cart is made of special wood that has been given supernatural powers (according to my guide).

Plus carriage drawn by four buffaloes, have a rear wheel of his fingers into, and sloped, so that when passing through the streets of watery / muddy, do not contaminate the bodyguard who walked behind the train.


I was so impressed, until now I still think and compare, in the 15th century the kingdom architects has been able to think of it, if the cycle goes positive and true civilization, should the people of Cirebon can beat other nations in making the vehicles. this cart also can turn the front wheel in 90 degrees, and some history expert from France and england assume this technology like "power steering" that modern car have.

The Garuda Mina Litter

Then litter to carry princes called Garuda Mina Stretcher, this litter has a head of Eagle and tail Fish named Mina, who has wings on either side.When the litter carried with the prince who resides in a litter, its wings will flapping , so it was like being in a sling eagle that protect him


This very educational philosophy, which heads the Garuda bird teach prince in order to think and act ahead and bring the empire to glory, while the fish has a philosophy that the highest flying, he should remember the fate of people who exist under the oceans or grounded.

So head there may be flying over the air, but should be aware that there are others on the ocean floor. If this philosophy was inherited by both by the leaders of this country, I believe this country will be much more civilized and advanced.

Exchanging souvenirs have become a habit for society since human civilization began, is no exception to the civilization of Europe and the Sultanate of Cirebon. Usually indicates how the souvenirs brought civilization contained in the country of origin, when Europe was on the rise of civilization in art, then the goods produced are similar ceramic products.

In presenting the souvenir items, usually there are also the values ​​that you want to share, as well as ceramic pictures, telling stories about the Prophet in the Gospel .Because the sultanate of Cirebon has converted to Islam, this souvenir remains well received and installed in the reception area of ​​the empire.

Due to unfamiliarity, installation of story in the Gospel is even not consecutive, so installed without a storyline and the relationship between one another.
In addition to ceramics from Europe, there are also ceramics from China, and other objects from India, Gujarat, and Egypt.All this indicates that the Cirebon Sultanate since the former has a relationship with the kingdom and empire in many worlds.Cirebon is gorgeous, a testament to the glory of beautifull people of Indonesia.
Inspired from: www.atmawinata.blogspot.com


The other cart of Cirebon Kingdom


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Wednesday, July 6, 2011

Wayang, The Beautifull Shadow Puppet From Indonesia

Javanese Wayang Kulit (shadow puppet) performance by a famous Indonesian dalang (puppet master) Ki Manteb Sudharsono, is usually a whole night long.Wayang is an Indonesian word for theatre (literally "shadow").When the term is used to refer to kinds of puppet theatre, sometimes the puppet itself is referred to as wayang. Performances of shadow puppet theatre are accompanied by gamelan in Java, and by "gender wayang" in Bali.

UNESCO designated Wayang Kulit, a shadow puppet theatre and the best known of the Indonesian wayang, as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity on 7 November 2003. In return for the acknowledgment, UNESCO required Indonesians to preserve their heritage.

History of Wayang Kulit


Wayang Kulit (shadow puppet) in Wayang Purwa type, depicting five Pandava, from left to right: Bhima, Arjuna, Yudhishtira, Nakula, and Sahadeva, Indonesia Museum, Jakarta.

Wayang is a generic term denoting traditional theatre in Indonesia. There is no evidence that wayang existed before Hinduism came to Southeast Asia sometime in the first century CE, brought in by Indian traders. However, there very well may have been indigenous storytelling traditions that had a profound impact on the development of the traditional puppet theatre. The first record of a wayang performance is from an inscription dated 930 CE which says "si Galigi mawayang," or "Sir Galigi played wayang". From that time till today it seems certain features of traditional puppet theatre have remained. Galigi was an itinerant performer who was requested to perform for a special royal occasion. At that event he performed a story about the hero Bhima from the Mahabharata.

Wayang Kulit is a unique form of theatre employing light and shadow. The puppets are crafted from buffalo hide and mounted on bamboo sticks. When held up behind a piece of white cloth, with an electric bulb or an oil lamp as the light source, shadows are cast on the screen.

Wayang Kulit plays are invariably based on romantic tales, especially adaptations of the classic Indian epics, "The Mahabarata" and "The Ramayana". Some of the plays are also based on local happenings (current issues) or other local secular stories. It is up to the conductor or "Tok Dalang" to decide his direction.
A Dalang performing

The Dalang is the genius behind the entire performance. It is he who sits behind the screen and narrates the story. With a traditional orchestra in the background to provide a resonant melody and its conventional rhythm, the Dalang modulates his voice to create suspense thus heightening the drama. Invariably, the play climaxes with the triumph of good over evil.
Wayang Kulit in Java, circa 1890.

Hinduism arrived in Indonesia from India even before the Christian era, and was slowly adopted as the local belief system. Sanskrit became the literary and court language of Java and later of Bali. The Hindus changed the Wayang (as did the Muslims, later) to spread their religion, mostly by stories from the Mahabharata or the Ramayana. Later, this mixture of religion and wayang play was praised as harmony between Hinduism and traditional Indonesian culture. On Java, the western part of Sumatra and some smaller islands traditionalists continued to play the old stories for some time, but the influence of Hinduism prevailed and the traditional stories either fell into oblivion or were integrated into the Hinduistic plays.

The figures of the wayang are also present in the paintings of that time, for example, the roof murals of the courtroom in Klungkung, Bali. They are still present in traditional Balinese painting today.

When Islam began spreading in Indonesia, the display of God or gods in human form was prohibited, and thus this style of painting and shadow play was suppressed. King Raden Patah of Demak, Java, wanted to see the wayang in its traditional form, but failed to obtain permission from the Muslim religious leaders. As an alternative, the religious leaders converted the wayang golek into wayang purwa made from leather, and displayed only the shadow instead of the figures itself.[citation needed] Instead of the forbidden figures only their shadow picture was displayed, the birth of the wayang kulit.[citation needed]

The figures are painted, flat woodcarvings (a maximum of 5 to 15 mm thick—barely half an inch) with movable arms. The head is solidly attached to the body. Wayang klitik can be used to perform puppet plays either during the day or at night. This type of wayang is relatively rare.

Wayang today is both the most ancient and most popular form of puppet theatre in the world. Hundreds of people will stay up all night long to watch the superstar performers, dalang, who command extravagant fees and are international celebrities. Some of the most famous dalang in recent history are Ki Nartosabdho, Ki Anom Suroto, Ki Asep Sunandar Sunarya, Ki Sugino, and Ki Manteb Sudarsono.

Wayang kulit

Wayang Kulit (shadow puppet) in Wayang Purwa type, depicting five Pandava, from left to right: Bhima, Arjuna, Yudhishtira, Nakula, and Sahadeva, Indonesia Museum, Jakarta.

Wayang kulit, shadow puppets prevalent in Java and Bali in Indonesia, are without a doubt the best known of the Indonesian wayang. Kulit means skin, and refers to the leather construction of the puppets that are carefully chiselled with very fine tools and supported with carefully shaped buffalo horn handles and control rods.


The stories are usually drawn from the Ramayana, the Mahabharata or the Serat Menak.

There is a family of characters in Javanese wayang called Punakawan; they are sometimes referred to as "clown-servants" because they normally are associated with the story's hero, and provide humorous and philosophical interludes. Semar is the father of Gareng (oldest son), Petruk, and Bagong (youngest son). These characters did not originate in the Hindu epics, but were added later, possibly to introduce mystical aspects of Islam into the Hindu-Javanese stories.They provide something akin to a political cabaret, dealing with gossip and contemporary affairs.

 Wayang kulit as seen from the shadow side

The puppet figures themselves vary from place to place. In Central Java the city of Surakarta (Solo) and city of Yogyakarta are most famous and the most commonly imitated style of puppets. Regional styles of shadow puppets can also be found in West Java, Banyumas, Cirebon, Semarang, and East Java. Bali produces more compact and naturalistic figures, and Lombok has figures representing real people. Often modern-world objects as bicycles, automobiles, airplanes and ships will be added for comic effect, but for the most part the traditional puppet designs have changed little in the last 300 years.

Historically, the performance consisted of shadows cast on a cotton screen and an oil lamp. Today, the source of light used in wayang performance in Java is most often a halogen electric light. Some modern forms of wayang such as Wayang Sandosa created in the Art Academy at Surakarta (STSI) has employed spotlights, colored lights and other innovations.

The handwork involved in making a wayang kulit figure that is suitable for a performance takes several weeks, with the artists working together in groups. They start from master models (typically on paper) which are traced out onto kulit (skin or parchment), providing the figures with an outline and with indications of any holes that will need to be cut (such as for the mouth or eyes). The figures are then smoothed, usually with a glass bottle, and primed. The structure is inspected and eventually the details are worked through. A further smoothing follows before individual painting, which is undertaken by yet another craftsman. Finally, the movable parts (upper arms, lower arms with hands and the associated sticks for manipulation) mounted on the body, which has a central staff by which it is held. A crew makes up to ten figures at a time, typically completing that number over the course of a week.

The painting of less expensive puppets is handled expediently with a spray technique, using templates, and with a different person handling each color. Less expensive puppets, often sold to children during performances, are sometimes made on cardboard instead of leather.

Source:

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